Substance signs of intoxication and withdrawal

by / Thursday, 19 August 2010 / Published in Behavioral

The following is a list of the most common drugs, their primary signs/symptoms, and the common findings of withdrawal

SUBSTANCE SIGNS OF INTOXICATION WITHDRAWAL SYMPTOMS
ALCOHOL Disinhibition, slurred speech Tremor, tachycardia, seizure, DT’s
AMPHETAMINES Psychomotor agitation, mydriasis Depression, lethargy, excessive sleep
BARBITURATES Sedation, respiratory depression Anxiety, cardiovascular collapse
BENZODIAZEPINES Sedation, respiratory depression (not as severe as barbiturates) Anxiety, seizure, tremor
COCAINE Psychomotor agitation, miosis, paranoya, MI Fatigue, depression, excessive sleep
LYTHERGIC ACID DIETHYLAMIDE (LSD) Visual and auditory hallucinations No withdrawal symptoms
MARIJUANA Euphoria, increased hunger, delayed response time No withdrawal symptoms
OPIOIDS CNS depression, miosis, seizure Nausea, vomiting, GI disturbances, piloerection
PHENCYCLIDINE Psychomotor agitation, nystagmus, belligerence Depression, memory loss

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